In Fund Raising

making-online-donationsA new US study finds that Direct Mail is a more important driver to online donations than online communications.

More than twice as many people who made online donations say they were prompted to give an online gift in response to a direct mail appeal compared to when they received an e-appeal, according to a national US study Dunham+Company recently conducted through research firm Campbell Rinker.

The survey says that in a surprising finding, 14% said that a direct mail letter prompted them to give online versus only 6% who said an email prompted their online gift.

Further underlining the importance of direct mail to motivate online donations, 1 in 3 donors (37%) who give online say that when they receive a direct mail appeal from a charity they use the charity’s website to give their donation.

The younger the donor, the more likely they are to use a charity’s website to respond to a direct mail appeal. One in two (50%) of generation X or Y donors say they give online donations in response to a direct mail appeal with 1 in 4 (26%) of boomers turning to online giving when they want to give as a result of receiving a direct mail appeal.

Only 14% of those over 65 will do the same, as 3 out of 4 of this demographic prefer to give by mail.

The study was conducted among respondents who were invited to participate in an online research panel and who qualified to participate due to recent self-reported giving.

In addition, the study found that the higher the household income, the more likely the direct mail recipient was to make an online donation. Nearly half (46%) of households making $75k+ said they would donate online compared to 37% of households making $25k-$74k and about one-third (32%) of households which make less than $25k.

President and CEO of Dunham+Company, Rick Dunham says the purpose of the study was to try to understand what is driving online giving and how important offline communication is the source of increasing income to charity.

Dunham says what they found was quite surprising given that not only is offline communication important to driving online giving, it is actually much more important a catalyst to generating online gifts than they had anticipated.

He says it is especially important to realize that 1 in 4 of the core supporter demographic of most charitable organizations—the Baby Boomer generation—are making online donations when they receive a direct mail appeal and that these donors, more likely than not, represent a high-value household.

He says this changes both the understanding of the importance of offline communication to driving online revenue and the metrics for how NFPs evaluate direct mail performance.

The study also hints at the increasing importance of online giving: 1 of every 2 donors has given online (48%) and 7 out of 10 households making more than $75k per annum have done the same—albeit among donors who are online already and might be expected to behave this way.

Gen X and Y donors are the most likely to have given online (54%) with 44% of Baby Boomers having done so and 30% of those over 65 years of age.

One other important finding from the study showed that the power of personal-to-person fundraising through social media is also increasing, as 15% of respondents said their online gift was prompted by being asked to give by someone through a social media site.

The study says this is especially important to donors under 40 years of age as 1 in 4 (24%) said this prompted them to give whereas only 9% of donors over 40 said the same.

Word-of-mouth fundraising also drives online giving as 20% of respondents say that their online giving was prompted by someone asking them to give in person. This is more pronounced among Baby Boomers (26%).

The study also showed that females are more than twice as likely to give in response to an e-appeal compared to males, with 10% of female respondents saying they were prompted to give online as a result of an e-appeal compared to only 4% of males.

The study was part of Campbell Rinker Donor Confidence Survey of 510 adults in the US who had given at least $20 to charity in the prior year.

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